It is now thought that cannabinoid content is only part of the medicinal effects of Cannabis. More and more research is underway to learn more about terpenes and their interaction with the ECS (Endocannabinoid System) and other cannabinoids such as THC, CBD, CBG and CBN.
Terpenes are not just present in cannabis, but found all over in nature and in things we already consume. Their effects are well known since most terpenes do not have the same restrictions in research as cannabinoids. Today we’ll go over the top four most prevalent terpenes and outline their main qualities observed in early research.
- Myrcene - is responsible for 50% of the terpenes in cannabis and is extremely abundant. It is also found in mangoes, lemongrass, and hops. This terpene has potential to be effective in pain relief and inflammation in animals. Lemongrass tea has been used as a sleep aid and muscle relaxant for centuries and Myrcene is responsible for that. Found heavily in Indica dominant plants.
- Limonene - this is a citrus terpene as the name might imply, and is the terpene seen to help other terpenes absorb better in the body. Limonene is known to provide relief from gastrointestinal effects such as ulcers and IBS in animal studies. Often found in the peels of oranges, grapefruits and limes.
- Linalool - by far the most fun to say out loud, Linalool gives lavender its unique scent and is great for combatting stress. Positive mental health effects are well documented. One of the more proficient terpenes, Linalool is also an anti-depressant, anti-tumor, anti-bacterial and an anti-convulsant.
- Pinene - you guessed it, gives pine trees their distinct smell. Known to help neurodegenerative disorders while increasing activity in the brain to promote focus and memory. Pinene is also used to fight against viral and microbial infections.
In conjunction with cannabinoids like CBD, terpenes work together to produce something called the Entourage Effect, which boils down to the synergy created between different cannabinoids and terpenes to create a more effective cannabis experience. This is why THC is still included in CBD focused products. So, if you are looking for a more well rounded effect, you might find that full spectrum, terpene infused CBD is the key!
Author: Zach Mountford